In Oregon, a background check to buy a firearm typically takes around 10 minutes. However, due to extraordinary circumstances with COVID-19, the Oregon State Police are reporting a sharp uptick in the number of background checks and wait time has increased significantly.

Do I need a license to possess or purchase a gun or ammunition?

No, the State does not require a license or firearm safety training before you purchase or possess a firearm. You can purchase ammunition without a license. The only restrictions on ammunition are on rounds where the bullet or projectile is coated with Teflon or any chemical compound with properties similar to Teflon, and which is intended to penetrate soft body armor, and where the person intends that the ammunition be used in the commission of a felony

What do I need to bring?

A valid state issued identification.

For more information on background checks and dis-qualifiers, please click here.

Where can I buy a firearm?

There are a variety of local gun stores and retailers. During crisis, larger stores may be better equipped to handle more customers purchasing their first firearm.

Long guns:

In Oregon, you must be 18 or older; have valid state ID and pass a background check to purchase a long gun.


In Oregon, you must be 21 or older; have valid state ID, pass a background check when purchasing from a federally licensed firearms dealers—or if purchasing from an unlicensed firearm seller, a background check must still be done.

You cannot legally possess or buy a firearm in Oregon if:

  • You are a convicted felon;
  • Have any outstanding felony warrants for arrest OR are free on any type of pre-trail release for a felony;
  • Have been convicted of a misdemeanor involving violence or found guilty in the last four years;
  • Have been committed to the Department of Human Services or are listed in the Health Division Registry.